Saga Nagoya Securities Fixed income is typically used to describe types of investment that pay the owner a contractually-determined (fixed) coupon/yield (interest). Usually paid at half-yearly intervals, these investments (often called bonds) will also repay the capital amount used to purchase them in the first place. In effect, bonds are loans or debt issued by anything from governments to municipal authorities and corporations.
Buyers are effectively lending money to the issuer who then pays interest over the term of the loan and then pays back the lump sum borrowed in the first place.
Fixed income assets are a common component within portfolios geared more towards income generation.